Parents are careful about high blood pressure sneak peek
Children and young people have low blood pressure symptoms, which are easy to be ignored. When people think of high blood pressure, people think that it is an adult disease. In fact, high blood pressure is not a patent for adults.
According to the newly released survey report on the nutrition and health status of Beijing residents, the prevalence of hypertension in residents aged 15 and over in the city is 25%, which is different from the results of the sample survey four years ago. The prevalence rate has increased.Two excellent.
Wang Wei, deputy director of the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, said that in recent years, the number of children with high blood pressure has gradually increased.
銆€銆€鈻?Children with hypertension due to atypical symptoms are easily ignored by parents. Hypertension refers to preschool children with blood pressure higher than 110 / 70mmhg, school-age children with blood pressure higher than 120 / 80mmhg, and blood pressure above 12 years old is higher than 130 / 90mmhg.
Wang Wei analysis, there are two main factors that cause hypertension in children: First, there is a family history of hypertension.
Children and adolescents with a family history of essential hypertension accounted for more than 50%.
As long as one parent has primary hypertension, high blood pressure may occur in his or her children.
The first is obesity.
According to the survey, obese children are three times more likely to have high blood pressure than non-obese children.
Because the body size of obese children increases, the metabolic products and the body’s oxygen consumption increase, so that the burden on the heart is significantly increased, and blood pressure is also increased.
銆€銆€According to Wang Dafu, children and young people have atypical symptoms of hypertension. They often find that their clinical manifestations are not the same as those of adults with high blood pressure. Some children may have no obvious symptoms, and some children may also have symptoms.Headache, but because it is not too strong, it may even be mistaken for other systemic diseases.
Some symptoms of hypertension in children and adolescents should be brought to the attention of parents, such as growth retardation, nausea, vomiting, irritability, inactivity, visual impairment, and even facial nerve palsy, stroke, cardiac insufficiency, etc., should be timelyGo to the hospital for further treatment.
銆€銆€Dr. Wang reminded parents that although mild hypertension in adolescence may not have any self-conscious symptoms for a long time, it can slowly damage blood vessels, heart, kidneys and brain in the body, and some people without any discomfort.A ruptured blood vessel, arteriosclerosis or high blood pressure suddenly suffocates.
Studies have shown that when people are in their 30s and 40s, in the case of high tension, the incidence of fatal hypertension in people with a history of adolescent hypertension is higher than normal.
American studies have shown that young patients with hypertension have a higher long-term mortality rate and a shorter life expectancy.
It is more harmful than middle-aged and elderly people.
Therefore, it is absolutely impossible to take care of high blood pressure among adolescents and children.
銆€銆€鈻?Five ways to prevent children’s high blood pressure, focus on key populations.
Genetic factors play an important role in children’s hypertension.
Therefore, if any of the parents has high blood pressure, the child becomes the target of prevention.
銆€銆€Second, to avoid obesity.
Obese children who exceed 15% of the standard weight are at risk for high blood pressure.
The cause of obesity is the need for physical metabolism. The blood output and blood volume of the heart are higher than those of normal children. Over time, it will cause blood pressure and heart hypertrophy.
Studies abroad have shown that 50% of high blood pressure children are obese children.
The main measures to prevent obesity are to control overnutrition and increase physical activity.
Nutrition experts recommend drinking low-fat milk after the age of two, especially those who are already obese.
Smaller children should limit sweets, not drink high-sugar drinks, fasting crushed and high-fat foods, and encourage more vegetables, fruits, and coarse grains.
Give your child time to play, let the child consume too much in the activity and avoid too much.
銆€銆€Third, prevent excessive salt.
In a dietary survey of children with high blood pressure, 60%-70% of children were found to have high salt, high sugar, high feces, low calcium, low magnesium, low vitamin and low cellulose foods.
Children should be encouraged to eat light diets from an early age. Adults should have less than 6 grams of salt per day, and children should be reduced to less than 1/3 of adults. Choose a diet that replaces calcium and potassium because calcium and potassium all lower blood pressure.
銆€銆€Fourth, cultivate good living habits and regular work schedules.
Full sleep is very helpful in preventing high blood pressure. It is not allowed to develop a habit of staying up late like an adult and limiting the time spent watching TV.
銆€銆€Fifth, regularly measure blood pressure to your child.
Once you find that your child’s blood pressure exceeds the normal standard, don’t make a fuss, so as not to cause tension, let alone antihypertensive drugs.
銆€銆€Parents with hypertension often use their own experience and medications to treat their children, which can easily lead to accidents.
The treatment of hypertension is particularly targeted at individualization, and children have their own unique characteristics of medication. Never use a set of adults.
The child should be taken to see a doctor, a plan developed by a doctor.銆€銆€鈻?To measure blood pressure for your baby, parents should pay attention to three points first, and choose a child-specific cuff according to the age of the child.
The width of the cuff is 1/2 to 1/3 of the length of the upper arm. School-age children generally receive a 6 cm or 7 cm wide cuff on an adult bench sphygmomanometer.
銆€銆€Second, the time to measure blood pressure per day should be fixed so that blood pressure can be accurately determined.
Exercises that are not performed 1 hour before the test, do not enter food and drink, empty the bladder, and be quiet for more than 5 minutes.
銆€銆€Third, in order to rule out abnormal blood pressure caused by stress factors, it is necessary to measure 3 times in a row. The second time is really the blood pressure of the child.
Note that each measurement is separated by 1 minute and the upper arm is lifted 5?
6 seconds, then do the next measurement.
For the sake of caution, children with high blood pressure need to be in 2 weeks.